J&K Gujjars loses 12 pet Species, 6 on the verge of extinction: Study
Srinagar ,20th of October 2007. Within the period of last 40 years the nomadic Gujjars and Bakerwals have lost one dozen the rarest of rare traditional and indigenous species of sheep, goats, horses and dogs and almost half a dozen of rare native species
considered most threatened in the world are at the verge of extinction in Himalayan belt of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh, said a study conducted by Tribal Research and
Cultural Foundation-a national organization working on tribal affairs of India.The study reveals that the species which were distinctive with nomadic Gujjars and Bakerwals from the times immemorial have gradually been lost since 1968 when Indian Council for Agricultural Research, New Delhi ( ICAR) under Ministry of Agriculture , Government of India, introduced certain foreign origin breeds in the state. This was done in order
to get maximum yield in terms of wool, mutton and other viable benefits and is continues till date.
Releasing the study, Dr. Javaid Rahi, the national secretary of Tribal Research and Cultural Foundation said here at summer capital of the State that it is unfortunate that the
planners while introducing the cross breeds among the livestock of nomads have not plan to preserved the native and indigenous species of the livestock of the Gujjars and Bakerwals in any pocket of the Himalayan belt. "Most of Gujjars and Bakerwals who are unhappy with the present state of affairs in respect
of cross breeding of their livestock wish to switch over to their traditional breeds but such species do not exist anywhere in the Himalayan belt of India." Said Dr. Javaid
Rahi,It is astonishing that no genetic study has been ever conducted to preserved the distinct
characteristics of the primitive traditional species of the livestock of Gujjars and Bakerwals and without the knowledge of consequences, such species have lost their existence,
the study said . "It is a world wide phenomena that the government institutions preserve the genres of
rarest of rare species and the same has been done in respect of Australia , Canada, USA, UK, USSR and brazil where besides introducing cross breeds the traditional species
have also been preserved and where cross breed does not work or is not viable in terms of climate or commercial benefits, they switch back to original species and thus safeguard
the interests of the people connected with livestock .The same has not been in case of Himalayan States of India , by ICAR . In same difficult areas of the Himalayan Region
some of the foreign origin breeds have almost failed to deliver the required results and in the meanwhile the rarest rare of species which were for mountainous and cold
regions of the area have been finished to take the place, said the study. The study reveals that among the traditional species of sheep, Ghidord Phamphri, Punchi Bakerwali, Bani, and Karnahi have already finished while in the goat species , Gurziya
,Belori, Lamdi, and Goodri, species have already been extincted. In the horse breeds Yarkandi (Bakerwali), Nukra and Bharssi horse species, have already finished. Study
further reveals that in goat species, Kaghani , Lubdi and Kilan species are at the verge of extinction while as the Jaskardi, Kaliani and other rare species of horses are also at the verge of extinction. The Gujjars and Bakerwals of Himalayan belt have
lost almost all the native species of Sheep and presently they have only foreign Australian an Merino species of sheep are available in the livestock. The study further reveals that the Bhrokpa, Changpa and Dard tribes of Ladakh are lucky enough as their
traditional species of their livestock are still preserved in remote pockets of Shivalik area of Himalayan belt.
The study , in the end, has hoped that it is possible a few rarest of rare species of the livestock of nomadic Gujjars may have been still preserved in some areas of Pakistan
Occupied Kashmir and Afghanistan and the same needs to be imported to Kashmiri to revive the traditional species in the state.
Dr. Rahi the National Secretary of Tribal Research and cultural foundation has appealed to the state government and demanded that in order to save the existing rarest of rare species of livestock of nomadic Gujjars and Bakerwals a special team be constituted
and steps be taken on war footing ./End